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100910-0021 - Tsukiji Nishi Honganji

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Tokyo Meiji 1870s Unknown
Entrance gate of Tsukiji Nishi Honganji, a buddhist temple of the Jodo Shinshu sect located in Tsukiji, Tokyo. The Mother Temple, or Honzan, is located in Kyoto.

Tsukiji Nishi Honganji was established as Edo-Asakusa Gobo (江戸浅草御坊) in Yokoyama-cho near Asakusa (浅草近くの横山町) by Junnyo Shonin (准如上人, 1577-1631) in 1617 (Genna 3). The temple was destroyed in the Great Meireki Fire (明暦の大火, Meireki Taika) of 1657 (Meireki 3), also known as the Furisode Kaji (振袖火事, Kimono Sleeve Fire).

The temple was rebuilt on land reclaimed by Jodo Shinshu followers off the shoreline of Hatchobori (八丁堀). This land would later be called Tsukiji (reclaimed land) and became Tokyo’s foreign settlement in the Meiji Period (1868-1912). The area still carries this name today.

This temple in turn was destroyed by the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 (Taisho 12). It was rebuilt once again, and that temple—completed in 1934 (Showa 9)—still stands today.
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