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120419-0023 - Sino-Japanese Treaty


Outside Meiji 1870s Unknown

Japanese statesman Toshimichi Okubo (大久保利通, 1830–1878) is received in Yokohama and Tokyo on November 27, 1874 (Meiji 7) after concluding a treaty with China following the Japanese invasion of southern Taiwan (台湾出兵, Taiwan Shuppei) earlier that year. The invasion was in response to the murder of 54 Ryukyuan sailors by Paiwan aborigines in December 1871 (Meiji 4). Published in The Illustrated London News on February 6, 1875 (Meiji 8).

The settlement of 1874 included Chinese recognition that the Japanese expedition was “in protection of civilians”. Japan interpreted this reference as Chinese renunciation of its rights over Ryukyu (current Okinawa). In 1879 (Meiji 12), British arbitration confirmed Japanese sovereignty. This was disputed by China.

Original text: “Peace between China and Japan. 1. Landing of the Japanese envoy at Yokohama; 2. Reading an address to Okubo in the town hall, Yokohama; 3. Arrival of Okubo at the railway station, Jeddo.”

Kjeld Duits Collection
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Illustrated London News, Sino-Japanese Relations, Taiwan Invasion, Toshimichi Okubo, conflict, diplomacy, engravings, government, international relations, newspapers, people, unrest, war
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